Permanent magnets have a plethora of scientific, consumer, and industrial uses. Scientific uses include particle accelerators, free electron lasers, a variety of sensors, and medical technology, such as MRI machines. Some consumer items that use permanent magnets are watches, phones, speakers, microphones, household appliances, and computer peripherals such as hard drives and printers. The most important industrial uses for permanent magnets are electric motors and generators, magnetically levitated devices and energy storage and delivery, especially renewable energy from wave and wind power.
The exploitable outcomes of the AMPHIBIAN project are:
- Improved sintered and injection molded ferrite-based magnets
- A demonstrator flywheel for storing renewable energy.
- The isotropic powder needed for magnet manufacture.
- All the software used for simulation.
- The particular production and up-scaling methodologies focused on reuse, cost-effectiveness, and recycling.
The AMPHIBIAN project starts at TLR 3 and targets TLR 5, as it relies on an experimental proof-of-concept from a previous European Project. The basic technology (that is, improved magnets) will then be characterised in a laboratory environment to confirm the improvement in energy product. Durability, thermal and corrosion tests will be subsequently performed to address the magnets’ performance in relevant environments. These improved ferrite magnets are the main outcome of the project, with the particularity of TRL 5 being almost equal to TRL 7, as once an improved magnet is obtained by integrating and testing magnetic particles, it is a prototype in and of itself.
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